Recommendations on security guarantees for Ukraine presented in Kyiv

15:40 13 September Kyiv, Ukraine

Head of the Office of the President Andriy Yermak and ex-NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen presented recommendations on security guarantees for Ukraine in Kyiv.

This was announced on Tuesday, September 13, by the press service of the head of state.
"An expert group worked on the preparation of recommendations, which included specialists from all over the democratic world, including former prime ministers, ministers, other officials, as well as scientists," the report says.
It notes that the recommendations call for the creation of the Kyiv Security Treaty, a joint document on strategic partnership that will unite Ukraine and the states that guarantee its security.

The OP notes that these recommendations imply a layered approach to safeguards.
"It is expected that the core group of allies will make clear commitments to support the Armed Forces of Ukraine, and the wider group will provide non-military guarantees built around sanctions mechanisms," the President's Office emphasizes.
"The adoption of these recommendations will send a powerful signal to Vladimir Putin. This will demonstrate that our loyalty to Ukraine will not be shaken, that his war is useless.. This would send a signal to the Ukrainian people that we are committed to supporting the independence and sovereignty of Ukraine for as long as it takes. To do it right is to lay a new cornerstone of European security. If this is not done, this means an aggravation of the crisis on European soil," Fogh Rasmussen said.

The proposed recommendations include:
  • Ukraine needs resources to maintain a powerful Armed Forces of Ukraine capable of resisting the armed forces and other paramilitary formations of the Russian Federation.
  • Long-term stable investments in Ukraine's defense industrial base, transfer of weapons and intelligence support from allies, intensive training missions and joint exercises under the auspices of the EU and NATO.
  • The security guarantees should define a set of commitments made by the group of guarantors together with Ukraine. Guarantees must be politically and legally binding.
  • The treaty will unite the main group of allied countries and Ukraine. This group of guarantor states may include the United States, Great Britain, Canada, Poland, Italy, Germany, France, Australia, Turkey, as well as the Nordic and Baltic countries, Central and Eastern Europe.
  • The package of guarantees contains both preventive measures and measures that must be taken without delay in the event of a new encroachment on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.
  • The structure of the agreement provides for a full-fledged sanctions package against the aggressor country, and may also contain additional components, for example, agreements on the provision of modern air defense / missile defense systems, regional agreements on security in the Black Sea, etc.
Security guarantees do not replace Ukraine's desire to join NATO.